Second Year

Faculty working through a problem


Ethics and Professional Practice in Forensic Science and Analytica DNA (3)

This course will train students in professional practices as they relate to the forensic scientist of the professional working in a modern crime laboratory or DNA testing laboratory (public or private). This course will focus on scientific integrity, ethical behavior, ethics standards and various examples of ethics violations and misconduct in the forensic science and DNA analysis fields. A second focus is on education and training in quality assurance programs and practices and the audit and accreditation processes. The third major focus is on the relationships between forensic science or DNA analysis and the legal system and will include courtroom testimony procedures and oral mock-court scenarios to train the student as an expert witness in the courtroom setting.


Internships in Forensic Toxicology and Analytical Genetics (2x3=6)

This course will introduce and develop the professional skills required for obtaining workplace employment in the areas of Forensic Chemistry/Toxicology and Forensic Analytical Genetics. It will prepare students to develop networking skills, identify appropriate workplace positions, and enhance interviewing skills so that they can effectively communicate with prospective employers. Students will learn how to clearly articulate their skill sets, their understanding of their training and how to apply their training to specific workplace environments.


General Instrumental Techniques in Forensic Chemistry (4)

Descriptive chemistry of amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Discussion of structure and function; metabolism and bioenergetics; and biological information flow. At the undergraduate level, understanding is demonstrated through hour examinations; at the graduate level, understanding is demonstrated through hour examinations and a brief paper. Lecture, three hours; one optional conference.

An elective of your choice is required for this semester.


An elective of your choice is required for this semester.


Fundamentals of Biochemistry (3)

An introductory graduate-level course on mechanisms associated with DNA structure, replication, recombination and repair, chromatin, transcriptional control, mRNA processing, and protein synthesis. Aspects of contemporary genetics, genomics and bioinformatics will also be included. Techniques in genetic engineering and recombinant DNA that are critical to molecular biology research will be covered.

Forensic and Analytical DNA (4)

This course will train students to become experts in the collection, identification, and evaluation of biological evidence in criminal matters and DNA testing using current DNA technologies. Methods routinely used for the isolation of DNA from cells, DNA quantitation, PCR, electrophoretic separation, and DNA sequence determination will be discussed in detail. Students will understand the theory and practice underlying the use of instrumentation in PCR, Real-Time PCR, capillary electrophoresis, next-generation sequencing, the applications of robotics and the use of DNA databases. The complex range of considerations that need to be considered in data collection, sample storage, data interpretation, analysis, and reporting will also be covered in detail. Current uses of single nucleotide polymorphisms, mitochondrial DNA analysis, Y or X chromosome analysis, and nonhuman DNA will be described. The legal aspects specific to DNA testing will be incorporated to prepare students for expert witness testimony.


An elective of your choice is required for this semester.